Category: Linux

  • After my previous blog post, you should now be using SSH and Tor all the more often, but things are probably slow when you are trying to setup a secure connection with this method. This may well be due to your computer lacking a proper source of entropy to create secure cryptographic keys. You can check the entropy of your system with the following command.

    This will return a number, hopefully it’s above 3,000 because that’s what is likely needed to keep up with your needs. So what do you do if it’s not high enough? This article will cover two tips to improve your computer’s entropy. All examples in this guide are for Linux distributions that use systemd. rngd rngd is a tool designed to feed the system with more entropy from various sources. It is part of the rng-tools package. After installing it, the rngd service needs to […]

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  • April 7, 2017 - Phil Coval and Sanjeev BA

    How OCF is Creating the Connected Car

    The Connected Car & Fragmentation Traditional car manufacturers have begun including early iterations of touchscreen technology with access to media and apps that can also provide basic HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and A/C) controls for the vehicle. These features can often be accessed through mobile devices with tailor-made apps from each car maker. However, this has led to OEMs building their own ecosystem silos, similar to the trends observed in the smartphone industry. The lack of an open, standardized framework has resulted in a fragmented market, where experiences from one OEM won’t work with another in any streamlined way; consequently, developers aren’t thinking about how to provide a rich user experience that allows cars and drivers to work in unison; this is a huge missed opportunity. Samsung OSG, OCF, and IoTivity The Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF) is creating a specification and sponsoring the IoTivity open source project to deliver an open and secure connectivity and […]

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  • A V4L2 staging driver for the Raspberry Pi (RPi) was recently merged into the Linux kernel 4.11. While this driver is currently under development, I wanted to test it and to provide help with V4L2-related issues. So, I took some time to build an upstream kernel for the Raspberry Pi 3 with V4L2 enabled. This isn’t a complex process, but it requires some tricks for it to work; this article describes the process. Prepare an Upstream Kernel The first step is to prepare an upstream kernel by cloning a git tree from the kernel repositories. Since the Broadcom 2835 camera driver (bcm2835-v4l2) is currently under staging, it’s best to clone the staging tree because it contains the staging/vc04_services directory with both ALSA and V4L2 drivers:

    There’s an extra patch that it is required for DT to work with the bcm2835-v4l2 driver:

    You need to apply this to the git tree, in order for the vciq […]

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  • February 22, 2017 - Javier Martinez Canillas

    Samsung OSG Contributions to Linux Kernel 4.10

    Linux 4.10 was released on February 17; for this release, 6 engineers from the US and UK branches of the Samsung Open Source Group (OSG) contributed 341 patches that modified 44,709 lines of code. Again, most of the changes comes from Mauro Carvalho Chehab’s work to improve the Linux kernel documentation and fixing bugs all over the media tree. The following is a list of the OSG engineers that contributed to this release and the number of changesets and lines of code, as reported by Jonathan Corbet and Greg Kroah-Hartman’s gitdm tool. OSG developers by changesets Mauro Carvalho Chehab 231 67.7% Javier Martinez Canillas 77 22.6% Stefan Schmidt 11 3.2% Shuah Khan 11 3.2% Luis de Bethencourt 10 2.9% Derek Foreman 1 0.3% OSG developers by changed lines Mauro Carvalho Chehab 44,120 98.7% Luis de Bethencourt 162 0.4% Javier Martinez Canillas 156 0.3% Stefan Schmidt 145 0.3% Shuah Khan 92 0.2% Derek […]

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  • January 24, 2017 - Cedric Bail

    Improving the Security of Your SSH Configuration

    Most developers make use of SSH servers on a regular basis and it’s quite common to be a bit lazy when it comes to the admin of some of them. However, this can create significant problems because SSH is usually served over a port that’s remotely accessible. I always spend time securing my own SSH servers according to some best practices, and you should review the steps in this article yourself.  This blog post will expand upon these best practices by offering some improvements. Setup SSH Server Configuration The first step is to make the SSH service accessible via only the local network and Tor. Tor brings a few benefits for an SSH server: Nobody knows where users are connecting to the SSH server from. Remote scans need to know the hidden service address Tor uses, which reduces the risk of automated scan attacks on known login/password and bugs in the ssh server. It’s always […]

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  • This article will explain how to use GStreamer to capture Digital Television (DTV) streams; it will focus on terrestrial DTV and ATSC broadcasts in the Silicon Valley area to provide examples, but the principles are the same for every other DTV standard or supported location. If you want to follow the examples, you will at the very least need a Linux machine with GStreamer and v4l-utils, and a DTV capture device. For my ATSC testing setup I use a WinTV-HVR 950Q USB stick (Hauppauge), connected to a Debian desktop computer that runs the latest code for GStreamer and dvbv5-scan from their respective git repositories, both uninstalled. This setup works well for me as a developer but if you simply want to play DTV streams on your machine, the version from your distribution’s binary packages should suffice. A Few Notes on Receiver Setup You’ll need to have your receiver setup properly to capture multi-media content from a radio […]

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  • While there are some developers who are familiar with using Ecore_Evas to create a canvas for applications, we often find that new EFL users face some confusion when first trying to create an application. This article aims to provide a simple example of how to create your first EFL Wayland application. For those not familiar with the Ecore_Evas library, it is a set of functions that make it easy to tie together Ecore’s main loop and input handling to Evas; as such, it’s a natural base for EFL applications. While this combination makes it easy to create the basic aspects all applications need, for normal applications (those that use buttons, checkboxes and layouts) one should consider using Elementary. Ecore_Evas is extremely well suited for applications that are not based on widgets. It has a main loop that delivers events, does basic window handling, and leaves all of the drawing up […]

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  • December 15, 2016 - Javier Martinez Canillas

    Samsung OSG Contributions to Linux Kernel 4.9

    Linux 4.9 was released on December 11, making this release the biggest to date in number of changes. In this development cycle, the Samsung Open Source Group (OSG) contributed 394 patches that modified 15,856 lines of code. Although 4 engineers contributed to different Kernel subsystems, most of the changes comes again from Mauro Carvalho Chehab’s work to improve the Linux kernel documentation. The following is a list of the OSG engineers that contributed to this release and the number of changesets and lines of code, as reported by Jonathan Corbet and Greg Kroah-Hartman’s gitdm tool. OSG developers by changesets Mauro Carvalho Chehab 238 60.4% Javier Martinez Canillas 108 27.4% Shuah Khan 24 6.1% Luis de Bethencourt 24 6.1% OSG developers by changed lines Mauro Carvalho Chehab 14,747 93.0% Javier Martinez Canillas 518 3.3% Shuah Khan 314 2.0% Luis de Bethencourt 277 1.7% OSG Contributions to This Release On this release, […]

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  • The Linux kernel contains a set of developer unit and regression tests (Kselftests) under tools/testing/selftests; these tests exercise individual code paths in the kernel. In this blog post, I’ll explain how to build and run these tests, run Kselftest on a system it’s built on, and how to install and run tests on a target test system. Even though kselftest’s main purpose is for developer regression test, testers and users can also use it to ensure there are no regressions in a new kernel. Kselftest is run everyday on several Linux kernel trees on the 0-Day and Linux kernel integration test rings. How to Build Kselftest The tests are intended to be run after building, installing, and booting a kernel.

    Boot the new kernel, then execute the following

    Please note, some tests require root privileges. You can run a subset of selftests using “TARGETS” make command […]

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  • After finishing high school, I was destined to continue my academic life studying one of the fine arts I always loved: Architecture. I took special art classes to get prepared to study it, and so I did; I entered the architectural school at my hometown in the Canary Islands. In their first year, all students learn about the Bauhaus school and their impact. I knew about them, but in that year I learned about their philosophy in detail and I became sanely obsessed with their work. During their difficult social/political time, Bauhaus revolutionized the world of architecture, design, and art. Their modernist designs were centered in functionality, simplicity, rationality, and taking art to everybody through mass production. In summary, making our day to day habitats and tools better, cheaper, simpler, and available to all. So through most of my first year I asked myself “Where is the present-day Bauhaus?” I […]

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